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Neuroscience (or neurobiology) is the scientific study of the nervous system. It is a multidisciplinary science that combines physiologyanatomymolecular biologydevelopmental biologycytologycomputer sciencemathematical modeling, and psychology to understand the fundamental and emergent properties of neurons and neural circuits. The scope of neuroscience has broadened over time to include different approaches used to study the nervous system at different scales and the techniques used by neuroscientists have expanded enormously, from molecular and cellular studies of individual neurons to imaging of sensorymotor and cognitive tasks in the brain.

 

Neurology deals with the finding and treatment of scatters of the sensory system, which includes the cerebrum and spinal rope. It showcases the investigation is dependent upon probability of endorsement and offers of things in late-stage modification, statistic patterns and advancing of item. Rising and creating markets at the tip of the day helps incomes. Whereas neurology might be a nonsurgical specialty, its corresponding surgical specialty is neurosurgery.

 

Psychology is a broad and diverse field that encompasses the study of human thought, behavior, development, personality, emotion, motivation, and more. As a result, some different subfields and specialty areas have emerged. The following are some of the major areas of research and application within psychology.

  • Abnormal Psychology
  • Biological and Clinical Psychology
  • Cognitive and Comparative Psychology
  • Developemental Psychology
  • Forensic Psychology
  • Personality Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Industrial-organizational Psychology

Psychiatry is the branch of medicine focused on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders.

 

Anxiety is a feeling described by an upsetting condition of inward disturbance, frequently accompanied by nervous behavior like pacing back and forth, substantial objections, and rumination. Anxiety is the desire of future threat. Depression is a condition of low mood and antipathy for a movement that can influence any one’s thoughts, behavior, tendencies, emotions, and feeling of prosperity. Stress, a type of mental agony is a feeling of strain and pressure. Stress can build the danger for strokes, heart attacks, ulcers, and depression.

The term psychological disorder is sometimes used to refer to what is more frequently known as mental disorders or psychiatric disorders. Mental disorders are patterns of behavioral or psychological symptoms that impact multiple areas of life. These disorders create distress for the person experiencing these symptoms.

Below are the common psychologhical disorders:

  • Anxiety disorder
  • Clinical Depression
  • Dementia
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder 
  • Schizophrenia
  • Obesessive Compulsive disorder
  • Autism
  • Post trumatic stress disorder

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry is a multidisciplinary scholarly periodical that encourages research on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders in children, adolescents, and their families. It investigates the biopsychosocial factors that influence the development and course of these psychiatric disorders and treatment responses to various interventions. It mainly focuses on developmental disorders (Autism spectrum disorder), Disorders of Attention and Behaviour, Psychotic Disorders, Mood Disorders, Anxiety Disorders, Eating Disorders and Gender Identity Disorder.

Changes in sleeping patterns or habits that can negatively affect health. Below are the common sleeping disorders:

There is an evidence that clearly shows neurological disorders are the one of the threat to public health. To mark its significance by spreading the awareness among the people and also to encourage the brilliant ideas of our researchers globally. Current advances in Neurology Research includes below topics

 

Clinical Neurology focuses on the fundamental mechanisms of diseases and disorders of the brain and central nervous system and seeks to develop new ways of diagnosing such anarchy, leading to the development of novel medication.  It is requisite to enhance our knowledge on current neurosurgery methods and various related aspects.

The Brain and Spinal Cord make up the Central Nervous System. All Stimuli from sensory receptor cells/organs are interpreted in the CNS. All impulses to trigger responses by effectors come from the CNS.

Types of Brain Disorders:

 

Neurofibromatosis is a genetic disorder that causes tumors to form on nerve tissue. These tumors can develop anywhere in our nervous system, including our brain, spinal cord and nerves.

Types of Neurofibromatosis:

1. Cutaneous Neurofibromas

2. Subcutaneous Neurofibromas

3. Plexiform Neurofibromas

 

 The most common neurological infections are: Encephalitis, an inflammations of  the brain, which can be casued by either bacteria or virus.

Other Neurological infections include:

  • Fungal infections
  • Parasitic infections
  • Prion Diseases
  • Bacterial infections such as lyme disease, tuberculosis, syphilis
  • Brain abscess

    Neuroimmunology includes the study of nervous system and immunology and the immune system. Both the nervous and immune system interactions invoves physoligical functioning of the systems in health and disease. 

 

Neurodegenerative disease is an umbrella term for a range of conditions which primarily affect the neurons in the human brain. Neurons are the building blocks of the nervous system which includes the brain and spinal cord. Neurons normally don’t reproduce or replace themselves, so when they become damaged or die they cannot be replaced by the body. Examples of neurodegenerative diseases include Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and Huntington’s disease.

Neurodegenerative diseases are incurable and debilitating conditions that result in progressive degeneration and / or death of nerve cells. This causes problems with movement (called ataxias), or mental functioning (called dementias). Dementias are responsible for the greatest burden of neurodegenerative diseases, with Alzheimer’s representing approximately 60-70% of dementia cases.

 

Neurooncology is a branch of medicine that concerns cancers of the brain and spinal cord. Cancers of the nervous system are often severe conditions that eventually become life threatening. Some examples of these life threatening neurological cancers include astrocytomas, glioblastoma multiforme, glioma, pontine glioma, ependymoma and brain stem tumors. Of the malignant brain cancers, high-grade astrocytoma and gliomas of the brain stem are examples of the most severe diseases, with patients not usually surviving more than a few months without treatment. Survival can be extended with chemotherapy and radiotherapy to a couple of years in some cases.

 

Pediatric neurology or child neurology refers to a specialized branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and management of neurological conditions in neonates (newborns), infants, children and adolescents. The discipline of child neurology encompasses diseases and disorders of the spinal cord, brain, peripheral nervous system, autonomic nervous system, muscles and blood vessels that affect individuals in these age groups.

Pediatric Neurology includes:

  • Concussion
  • Neonatal neurology
  • Brain malformations
  • Headache/migraine
  • Metabolic diseases affecting the nervous system
  • Neuro-oncology
  • Pediatric sleep disorders
  • Developmental disorders including autism